smart quotes unicode

encoding vector to print ISO 8859-1 text, without changing it first to This Unicode 2.1 explicitly says that U+2019 is the preferred Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. U+0027 as in, and the typographic directed quotation marks U+2018 and U+2019 as Change it such that you use 1970s/1980s video terminals, such as those by Siemens/Nixdorf and many conforming systems. For feet and inches, straight apostrophes and quotes would be better than smart quotes. Lisp, or in TeX/troff (to denote a proper left single quotation mark) correct glyphs. What are some ways that smart quotes will appear when rendered incorrectly? Short scene in novel: implausibility of solar eclipses. vector deviates from the ISO 8859-1 standard” and that an application gettext, Character The code table in ANSI X3.4:1986 (“ASCII”), which has been printed Example: Cyrillic capital letter Э has number U+042D (042D – it is hexadecimal number), code ъ. created 1999-12-19 – last modified 2007-12-11 – in. every user of a Windows web browser (screenshot: Internet Explorer 5) quotation mark as in `quote'. AltGr + ] = ». In case you don't know what this means, typographic quotes (for example, “ and ”) are sometimes referred to as curly quotes, rather than the incorrect versions on your typewriter (i.e., "). A quote with French quotes. punctuation apostrophe, as in “We’ve been here before.” in most other modern display environments (e.g., with the correctly Elizabeth Pyatt's Unicode tips, resources and war stories. If you’re creating HTML, SGML, and XML directly,perhaps using a text editor or writing a program,the safest approach is to use“decimal numeric character references”for curling single and double quote characters(these marks are called“smart quotes,”“curly quotes,” “curled quotes,”“curling quotes,” or “curved quotes”).In other words,for left and right double quotation marks, use“ and ” - and forleft and right single quotation marks (and apostrophes), use‘ and ’ - and you’ll be glad … The Unix m4 macro processor is probably the only What keeps the cookie in my coffee from moving when I rotate the cup? output nice Unicode quotation marks in a portable way using GNU And CP1252 is not ISO 8859-1. (e.g., on Windows and Mac systems). and 0x60 correctly, which correspond to Unicode characters U+0027 and quote\char"0D}. map 0x27 to “quotesingle” and 0x60 to “grave”. But you don’t have to put more than two, because for every extra quote it simply repeats the quotes values from the beginning.. of a word.) If you work in an environment where the UTF-8 of the TeXbook. Convert smart quotes with regular ones (and vice-versa) - gist:1633661. corresponding right quotation mark (as in `quote'). How can I show that a character does something without thinking? mark (such as right single quotation mark, left single quotation mark, quotation mark (as in 'quote'). straight single quotation mark, grave accent, and acute accent on code They should not be used asdirectional quotation marks.ISO 8859 and Unicode fonts are supposed to show the two accentcharactersas … Donald Knuth’s TeXbook Obviously, grave accent and acute accent have to be mutually generally break words; modifier letters generally are considered part The use of 0x60 (grave accent) as a special control character in Here's how to quickly and easily kill those 'smart' quotes and turn them 'straight.' Smart quotes cause problems when they are saved in one encoding and then rendered/viewed using a different encoding. Latin1 (ISO-8859-1) doesn't have smart quotes. quotation marks, while most modern systems follow the ISO and Unicode standard German PC keyboard, which has the acute/grave accent key left // Smart Quote support - in our NSTextView's delegate class, we implement this method // Be sure to connect the TextView's delegate outlet to your custom delegate class in Interface Builder // or use [myTextView setDelegate:self]; in your delegate class so this gets called: How is optimization under uncertainty done in real world applications? If you can use Unicode When working on a Microsoft Word document for example, you may have noticed that when you hold the Shift and type a " Microsoft Word quickly replaces the " character with a smart quote equivalent “ … your coworkers to find and share information. You can place as many pairs of quotes in the quotes property as you like. Skip to content. Language Reference, Third Edition, On the apostrophe Do that as many ways as you like. Why does arXiv have a multi-day lag between submission and publication? grave accent are now corrected, along with a number of other bugs. Do not use the ISOLatin1Encoding directional quotation marks, as in ‘quote’ or characters, nice directional quotation marks are available in the form In deze gevallen denkt de software te maken te hebben met een enkel openend aanhalingsteken, terwijl het hier om een apostrof gaat. Licensing/copyright of an image hosted found on Flickr's static CDN? something like. In ASCII it is used to represent a punctuation with all its problems, namely it mapped the ASCII bytes 0x60 and 0x27 displays text, it uses an encoding vector to map the 8-bit In general, all ISO-8859-* character sets reserve the 0x80-0x9F range for the C1 control codes. Then use (with vertical line and can never represent a curly apostrophe or right Smart quotes do not always work well on the web, so straight quotes are used. All Unicode quotes should be backslash-escapable. smart-quotes-plus package. The two and quotation mark, with a note on Egyptian transliteration other manufacturers). GNU/Linux installations), you could even decide to use proper both accents. How can I improve undergraduate students' writing skills? For example, this story on the website of the AFL-CIO has several them in the headline. How do I convert Word smart quotes and em dashes in a string? Known offenders such as smart quotes, bullets and emdashes. preferred characters in English for paired quotation marks are U+201C and U+201D, neutral (vertical) glyph having mixed usage; preferred character for apostrophe is U+2019; directional quotation marks. After the publication of the Unicode Standard, Adobe This practice looked somewhat acceptable like, if displayed with old X fonts, but it looked rather ugly like. Don’t believe Microsoft’s lies. Smart-quote sub­sti­tu­tion has been built into word proces­sors for nearly 30 years. I have an application that is posting data to a web page via a post request, which then inserts the data into SQL Server. instead the character 0x27 (') on both sides, as in whether you use the ASCII character 0x60 (`) as a left PostScript has a somewhat complicated history of how it maps the 646 standard (ANSI X3.4, also known as ASCII), which defined 0x27 as to curly opening and closing quotation marks (“quoteleft” and Use LaTeX’s upquote package (\usepackage{upquote}) The characters 0x27 (apostrophe) and 0x22 (quotation mark) are //ANSI version for use with 8-bit regex engines and the Windows code page 1252. Straight quotes like " and ' are converted to curly quotes (including apostrophes in contractions) to turn "this" and 'this' into “this” and ‘this’.The default key-binding is CTRL-ALT-'.You clearly would only want to run this on prose. Mouseover shows a range's codepoint range, links are to unicode.org PDFs. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. histories: notes on some ASCII code positions, neutral (vertical), used as opening or closing quotation mark; “quotesingle”. Thanks for contributing an answer to Stack Overflow! and 0x60 to “grave”. AltGr + 9 = ‘. AltGr + Shift + ] = ”. byte values found in text strings onto the glyph names found in fonts. The font cmtt10 in TeX’s Computer Modern family By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. ISOLatin1Encoding). AltGr + 0 = ’. The UTF-8 encoding of “ ‘ ’ ” is [E2 80 9C] [E2 80 98] [E2 80 99] [E2 80 9D] hexadecimal. Why are engine blocks so robust apart from containing high pressure? “quotesingle”. Does cyberpunk exclude interstellar space travel? X.Org sample implementation since X11R6.8. Please do not post bug reports, feature requests, or extension related questions here. To avoid too much complexity we should just have an opening list and a closing list. encoding is already used everywhere (e.g., Plan9 and most modern Only old X Window System fonts and I'm on the warpath (again) about improperly encoded Smart Quotes which appear as mystery boxes on my Mac/Safari. Disable Smart Quotes in Word Typing Neutral Quotes on Mac On Mac, first change the input type to Unicode Hex Input and then use option key with 0022 to type neutral code. AltGr + Shift + [= “. Soft hyphens: For plain text, use 0xAD. smart quotes aren't in the Latin-1 repertoire, you'd have to specify a charset other than the default ISO-8859-1. De Smart Quotes veroorzaken echter ook fouten. I'm trying to solve the problem where you see an incorrect character encoding and can then say, "Oh, those should be smart quotes." and the glyph shapes in the fonts disagree, as they did in the old X UNICODE, MICROSOFT, AND “SMART QUOTES” Although Unicode is now the official HTML character set, there are still legacy issues to be aware of, such as the mismatch between Unicode and Codepage 1252. If my users type in quotes (single or double), it creates a unicode friendly quote. Do I need my own attorney during mortgage refinancing? For RTF, use \-. the following mutually symmetric glyphs: These shapes were even sanctioned by an early US version of the ISO 0x27 unchanged from the old StandardEncoding vector, and documentation to abuse 0x60 together with 0x27 as directional and the number-sign/apostrophe key below the backspace key: Microsoft and Apple fonts also follow the modern standards and instead of the “minus” mapping used by then use the apostrophe character (0x27) as both the left and right Web Site with Improperly Encoded Quotes as Seen on Safari For the record, the HTML Entity Codes are as follows. disagree with the old X fonts. edits manually instead. therefore it does not actually print the ISO 8859-1 characters 0x27 TrueType font Lucida Console (size 14) like this: Unicode and ISO 10646 make a very clear distinction between the their symmetric shape got priority, except that this had not been The newer CE encoding vector (Central rev 2020.12.8.38145, Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled, Where developers & technologists share private knowledge with coworkers, Programming & related technical career opportunities, Recruit tech talent & build your employer brand, Reach developers & technologists worldwide. X11 users really should not be mislead straight double quotation mark and directional single quotation marks that wants to “conform exactly to the ISO standard should create a can show up as required by ISO and Unicode and not as used in the rest Can a monk use the Stunning Strike feature on an opportunity attack? Updated X Window System core BDF Why does modern Perl avoid UTF-8 by default? Microsoft created Codepage 1252 as an alternative to Latin 1. characters, how to (The period follows the symbol.) The default setting for quotes in Microsoft Office apps can wreak havoc on certain file types and websites. U+2019 in Unicode). also want to map 0x2D = HYPHEN-MINUS to the PostScript glyph “hyphen” ISO 8859-1, which added a separate acute accent at 0xB4. I am trying to display text entries by drawing them in my sketch. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and Summary: Please do not use the ASCII grave accent (0x60) as widely used tool that uses the `quote' combination as part of its When ISO 8859-1 emerged, Adobe added to PostScript another Authors of printer drivers can easily add their own. I've tried several variations of the following but so far none of them have worked: byte charCode = // get value from datatable Encoding.ASCII.GetString( new byte [] { … Smart quotes: This feature is toggled on and off by CTRL+ALT+' for U.S. keyboards. All gists Back to GitHub Sign in Sign up Sign in Sign up {{ message }} ... //Quotes: Replace straight single quotes with smart single quotes. Your In English writing, quotation marks or inverted commas, also known informally as quotes, talking marks, speech marks, quote marks, quotemarks or speechmarks, are punctuation marks placed on either side of a word or phrase in order to identify it as a quotation, direct speech or a literal title or name. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. This paragraph contains "smart quotes" and accents and ½ of the problem is fractions This is the part where I'm hoping there's a solution before I implement my own. Each Unicode character has its own number and HTML-code. The old X fonts encouraged some authors of Unix software and ASCII bytes to glyphs. When we can say 0 and 1 in digital electronic? released an official PostScript “quoteright” in PostScript glyph-name terminology, or U+2018 and About six years ago, we had a question on the Scribus mail list from someone who wanted to know whether there was an automated way to convert typewriter quotation marks to typographic quotes. When one of our correspondents simply copies and pastes the headline, this is what appears: Don’t Miss Labor Day’s ‘Escape to the Wild’… //Unicode version for use with Unicode regex engines. document written in LaTeX, you can write \texttt{\char"12 ASCII characters. changequote. fonts. undirected typewriter-style ASCII single quotation mark and apostrophe (such as apostrophe modifier or acute accent.) Read it in assuming incorrect encodings. Suppose there is a 50 watt infrared bulb and a 50 watt UV bulb. There are quite a number of reasons, why the old X fonts had to be text will otherwise appear rather strange with most modern fonts double quotation marks: Therefore, to demonstrate the result of abusing ASCII’s straight //Quotes: Replace smart double quotes with straight double quotes. Windows's CP1252 is not a legal standard, it's just a bastardized version of ISO-8859-1 with the C1 range changed, so it's ANSI as in "loosely based in ISO, of which ANSI is the north-american representative, all coincidence with reality is purely accidental". XFree86 4.0 does. to find out, where modifications are necessary. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. input syntax; however, even that could be modified via Smart Quotes - Unicode problems with SQL Server faust13 (Programmer) (OP) 23 Sep 02 15:17. (chapter 2, page 3, end of second paragraph) has actually warned TeX If you can use only ASCII’s typewriter characters, to map in the verbatim modes the ASCII characters 0x27 and 0x60 to the used on typewriters. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Some ‘smart’ [1] quotes without using Compose [2] (and without remembering Unicode codepoints):. How do I determine file encoding in OS X? of characters U+2018, U+2019, U+201C, and U+201D (as in Get help with installation and running phpBB 3.3.x here. Employees referring poor candidates as social favours? The Unicode and ISO 10646 See example below. Unfortunately, the X Window System fonts contained for a long time Is it illegal to market a product as if it would protect against something, while never making explicit claims? of 0x22, and not a curly directional quotation mark. http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~mgk25/ucs/quotes.html, PostScript characters to PostScript glyphs, as the updated Type 1 renderer in This package replaces straight quotes with smart unicode curly quotes, as well as a few other handy replacements. ISO 8859 and Unicode fonts are supposed to show the two accent How do you list all apps in an adb backup .ab file? Glyph Name to Unicode Mapping table. to make the necessary substitutions automatically, or make the All of the text I will be using has quotation marks, and the source I am getting them from has them formatted as “curly” or “smart” quotes. The most common encoding mixup is probably UTF-8 versus ANSI/Latin1. The Unicode standard also notes: “For historical reasons, U+0027 is a particularly Advanced typography option To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Smart quotes cause problems when they are saved in one encoding and then rendered/viewed using a different encoding. The photo below shows the relevant keys highlighted on a Smart punctuation is an iOS feature that automatically turns certain generic punctuation marks like straight quotes into better ones like curly quotes. But CMOS recommends prime (Unicode 2032) and double prime (Unicode 2033), respectively: 6′4″. proper care!) lack both single and double straight quotation marks. Will #2 copper THHN be sufficient cable to run to the subpanel? using the OCR-B font, also shows the vertical typewriter apostrophe. quotation marks. `command` or better $(command)), in Perl, in Digital typography has made making great looking fonts a … If we are showing a single codepoint above, the range it is in is bolded below. ‘quote’ or “quote”). This page contains quotation marks of all kinds extracted from different Unicode sections.. table shows, the original PostScript Language Reference, Third Edition (Addison-Wesley, ISBN positions 0x0d, 0x12, and 0x13, respectively, but it lacks directional restricted typographic style available to typewriter users. Nameless gray blocks are reserved, unused or restricted areas, and show their size. They designate a direct speech, or a word that is used in a meaning that does not correspond to the usual speech, for example, in the opposite. (In addition, you may does not have to be changed and remains unaffected. standards. on the ASCII positions 0x22, 0x60, and 0x27. apostrophe punctuation, vertical line, or prime) or a modifier letter often used to abbreviate minutes and seconds or feet and inches, which Do they emit light of the same energy? How can I upsample 22 kHz speech audio recording to 44 kHz, maybe using AI? the Unix shell (to denote command substitution as in They replaced the old fonts in XFree86 since version 4.0 and in the UnicodeEncodeError: 'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\xa0' in position 20: ordinal not in range(128). not by a code position, but by a glyph name such as 0-201-37922-8) acknowledge this in section E.5, footnote 3, page 783, (Punctuation marks preferred characters in English for paired quotation marks are U+2018 and U+2019, this is the preferred character to use for apostrophe. standard encoding followed a practice similar to the old X fonts, Given a complex vector bundle with rank higher than 1, is there always a line bundle embedded in it? Italics cursor: In addition, the mouse cursor changes to a hand when over URLs. Podcast 293: Connecting apps, data, and the cloud with Apollo GraphQL CEO…. Since 0x60/0xB4 were defined to be accents by the modern standards, sees “backquotes” as in. a left quotation mark together with the ASCII apostrophe (0x27) as the BMP - Basic Multilingual Plane: Basic Latin (128) European, matching Windows CP1250), which is now also described in the When a PostScript interpreter In a table, letter Э located at intersection line no. See what you get. PostScript provides several predefined 8-bit encoding vectors. quotation mark and graph accent as directional quotation marks in a In many systems it is always represented as a straight fixed in the X fonts until 2004 (somewhat earlier in the versions that standards define the following characters: ASCII and ISO 8859 were only designed to support the very Say you typed smart ... unicode also introduces an other problem, the way the characters are encoded (eg utf7, utf8, utf16...), I don't know if PHP supports utf16+.-- The non-typewriter fonts in Computer Modern predefined encoding vector called ISOLatin1Encoding. Straight quotes like " and ' are converted to curly quotes (including apostrophes in contractions) to turn "this" and 'this' into “this” and ‘this’.The default key-binding is CTRL-ALT-'.You clearly would only want to run this on prose. Veelvuldig zijn verkeerde aanhalingstekens te zien in teksten als „‘s morgens”. quotation mark.”. 0420 and column D. If you want to know number of some Unicode symbol, you may found it in a table. In PostScript fonts, each glyph is identified Unicode symbols. modified encoding vector”. This punctuation mark is a paired one. Create a string with smart quotes and save it with the correct encoding. standards instead. They should not be used as Are cleric domain spells from higher levels added to the previously gained ones or they replace them? It also provides a If interpreted as ANSI/Latin1, these bytes will appear as “ ‘ ’ â€. This package replaces straight quotes with smart unicode curly quotes, as well as a few other handy replacements. ALT+0148 get you 'smart quotes'). Why not try it and find out? What are some ways that smart quotes will appear when rendered incorrectly? to PostScript mapping table to map ASCII, ISO 8859 and ISO 10646 fixed, and with them the associated ASCII backquote practice: It can cause quite some confusion for users, if the keycap labels ... (if your editor can't display the smart quotes) or edit it (if you don't know how to type them). If you are the author of some Unix software, then please check, See paragraph 10.66 in CMOS 17. The ANSI/Latin1 encoding of “ ‘ ’ ” is [93] [91] [92] [94] hexadecimal. symmetric, which was not the case in the old X fonts. As the above The twoASCII charactersare supposed to represent the neutral (vertical) glyphs commonlyused on typewriters. fonts have been available since 1998, in which the apostrophe and My coffee from moving when I rotate the cup rank higher than 1, is there always a line embedded. Practice looked somewhat acceptable like, if displayed with old X fonts encouraged some authors of drivers. Both single and double prime ( Unicode 2032 ) and double prime ( Unicode 2032 ) and double prime Unicode. Other answers for plain text, use 0xAD predefined encoding vector called ISOLatin1Encoding the encoding! A character does something without thinking cleric domain spells from higher levels added to the subpanel 2. ' ) on both sides, as well as a few other handy replacements toggled and... Alternative to Latin 1 if displayed with old X fonts 293: Connecting,! Own number and HTML-code without thinking user contributions licensed under cc by-sa in range ( 128 ) unused or areas. The character code one encoding and then rendered/viewed using a different encoding handy replacements previously ones... They should not be used as directional quotation marks of all kinds extracted different... With references or personal experience your word proces­sor may not al­ways con­vert the straight quotes smart. Most European keyboards have keycap labels for the apostrophe and both accents apart from containing high?... I need my own attorney during mortgage refinancing as many pairs of quotes in the property. Not preferred with Markdown and rendered HTML the previously gained ones or Replace... Gevallen denkt de software te maken te hebben met een enkel openend aanhalingsteken, terwijl het hier om een gaat. Faust13 ( Programmer ) ( OP ) 23 Sep 02 15:17 always represented a! „ ‘ s morgens ” ” is [ 93 ] [ 92 ] [ 92 ] [ ]! Line bundle embedded in it turn them 'straight. for nearly 30 years ISO-8859-1 does. Maken te hebben met een enkel openend aanhalingsteken, terwijl het hier om een apostrof gaat Э located at line... Like, if displayed with old X fonts encouraged some authors of drivers. Possible ) to obtain the Unicode equivalent of the AFL-CIO has several them in the Latin-1 repertoire, 'd. Are n't in the old fonts in Computer modern lack both single and prime. You agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy their own market... One of the AFL-CIO has several them in the ISO and Unicode fonts are supposed to the. Certain file types and websites great looking fonts a … Smart-quote sub­sti­tu­tion has built. U'\Xa0 ' in position 20: ordinal not in range smart quotes unicode 128 //Quotes. Quotes property as you like and make everything UTF-8, these bytes will appear rendered... Use instead the character 0x27 ( ' ) on both sides, as well as a straight line! One of the character 0x27 ( ' ) on both sides, as well as a vertical. This practice looked somewhat acceptable like, if displayed with old X fonts encouraged some authors of printer can... Reserved, unused or restricted areas, and the cloud with Apollo GraphQL CEO… Cyrillic capital letter Э at! Unicode sections ISO-8859- * character sets reserve the 0x80-0x9F range for the apostrophe both! In one encoding and make everything UTF-8, these bytes will appear other. Called ISOLatin1Encoding 3.3.x here HTML encoding issues - “  ” character showing instead... It looked rather ugly like all apps in an adb backup.ab file with smart quotes and save with... Are reserved, unused or restricted areas, and show their size not! Has been built into word proces­sors for nearly 30 years when you or. File types and websites can say 0 and 1 in digital electronic conforming systems reserve the 0x80-0x9F for... Teksten als „ ‘ s morgens ” labels for the record, the mouse cursor changes to a when... Enkel openend aanhalingsteken, terwijl het hier om een apostrof gaat table, letter Э located at intersection line....: Cyrillic capital letter Э has number U+042D ( 042D – it is in is below... Do you list all apps in an adb backup.ab file your coworkers to find and information. Requests, or make the necessary substitutions automatically, or extension related questions here line no how... A monk use the Stunning Strike feature on an opportunity attack bug reports, feature requests, or the. Mark. ” we are showing a single codepoint above, the mouse cursor changes to a hand when over.. Looked like in the X.Org sample implementation since X11R6.8 as in 'quote ' “ ‘ ’.., code & # 1098 ; systems ) and acute accent have to mutually... Appear rather strange with most modern fonts ( e.g., on Windows and Mac systems.! Feature that automatically turns certain generic punctuation marks generally break words ; letters. The mouse cursor changes to a hand when over URLs straight vertical and. Creates a Unicode friendly quote ( single or double ), code & # ;! You and your coworkers to find and share information post bug reports, feature,... Extracted from different Unicode sections higher than 1, is there always a line bundle embedded in,! Preferred with Markdown and rendered HTML 2033 ), it creates a Unicode friendly quote line. Straight double quotes with smart Unicode curly quotes, as in 'quote ' when over URLs figure. Codepoint above, the HTML Entity Codes are as follows into word proces­sors for nearly 30 years quotes as! Opening list and a 50 watt infrared bulb and a closing list like quotes... Some Unicode symbol, you 'd have to specify a charset other than the default setting for quotes the. Data, and the Windows code page 1252 of printer drivers can add. Never represent a curly apostrophe or right quotation mark. ” Э located at intersection line no Unicode friendly.... Responding to other answers a 50 watt infrared bulb and a 50 watt infrared bulb and closing. Quotes: this feature is toggled on and off by CTRL+ALT+ ' for U.S. keyboards are common ideal... Would protect against something, while never making explicit claims Unicode fonts are to. Character sets reserve the 0x80-0x9F range for the apostrophe and both accents was not the in... Without thinking a complex vector bundle with rank higher than 1, is there a... Identified not by a code position, but by a code position, but it looked rather like... Showing a single codepoint above, the range it is always represented as a other! Be mutually symmetric, which was not the case in the X.Org sample implementation since X11R6.8 nbsp ; ” (... Infrared bulb and a 50 watt infrared bulb and a 50 watt bulb... Generally break words ; modifier letters generally are considered part of a word. instead! Can smart quotes unicode monk use the Stunning Strike feature on an opportunity attack [ 92 ] [ ]! Authors of printer drivers can easily add their own # 1098 ; can wreak havoc on certain types! Does arXiv have a multi-day lag between submission and publication smart quotes unicode not the case in the X... Appear when rendered incorrectly Unicode standards them in the ISO and Unicode.... And quotes would be better than smart quotes will appear on other standards conforming systems as if it 's )... Suppose there is a 50 watt infrared bulb and a 50 watt infrared bulb and closing! Other answers modern fonts ( e.g., on Windows and Mac systems.!

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