when did the css alabama sink

The French, long time Confederate sympathizers, were more than willing to help and opened the Port of Cherbourg to accept the ailing Confederate war ship. Kearsarge. If it had done so, it would have seriously disabled Kearsarge's steering, possibly sinking the warship, and ending the contest. After three days of back-breaking work by the three ship's crews, Enrica was transformed into a naval cruiser, designated a commerce raider, for the Confederate States of America. While her specific jack's dimensions are unknown, the Confederate naval regulations adopted on 26/28 May 1863 required that all new jacks be a larger version of the battle ensign's new 13-star canton, the red, blue, and white Southern Cross. The Alabama Department of Archives and History has in its collection one more important Stainless Banner ensign listed as "Admiral Semmes' Flag, Catalogue No. During Alabama 's long commerce raiding cruises, several revised versions of her Stars and Bars could have flown aboard when the news of additional stars being added eventually reached the ship. Both of Alabama's pre-1863 commissioning pennants would have been similar to the designs used by the U. S. Navy. Both were flown at various times, along with the ensigns of other nations, to conceal Alabama's true nationality as she overtook ships, looking for the North's commercial shipping. The CSS Alabama, a commerce raider, had been launched from England in May of 1862 and in the months that followed Captain Raphel Semmes, her commander, had been successful in capturing many Union merchant vessels, but he and his crew had not yet seen combat.That would change 150 years ago today, in the encounter with the USS Hatteras. It was built by Great Britain and was disguised as a supply ship while in British waters. Under Captain Semmes, Alabama spent her first two months in the Eastern Atlantic, ranging southwest of the Azores and then redoubling east, capturing and burning northern merchant ships. Alabama's British-made ordnance was composed of six broadside, 32-pounder, naval smoothbores and two larger and more powerful pivot cannons. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. "James D. Bulloch; Secret Agent and Mastermind of the Confederate Navy". Finding little in the way of Union shipping, Alabama made its final two captures in late April in the form of Rockingham and Tycoon. It was concealed behind 1-inch deal-boards painted black to match the upper hull's color. The ship was purposely commissioned about a mile off Terceira Island in international waters on 24 August 1862: All the men from Agripinna and Bahama had been transferred to the quarter deck of Enrica, where her 24 officers, some of them Southerners, stood in full dress uniform. A fourth surviving ensign appears, from various clues observed in on-line photos, to be roughly 36-inches x 54-inches. With Bulloch at his side, the new ship's captain, Raphael Semmes, left Liverpool on 13 August 1862 aboard the steamer Bahama to take command of the new cruiser. For the rest of the year, the Alabama would sink or … Alabama was built in secrecy in 1862 by British shipbuilders John Laird Sons and Company in North West England at their shipyards at Birkenhead, Cheshire. While their provenance and specific details of these two Alabama ensigns are currently unavailable, such information will be added to this section when available. Did a radical new Confederate gunship foil McClellan’s plan to end the Civil War in 1862? Roberts, Arthur C., M. D. "Reconstructing USS Kearsarge, 1864," Silver Spring, MD., Vol. Still, Jr., William N.; Taylor, John M.; Delaney, Norman C.(1998). This ensign was given to Willam Anderson, whose ship chandler company made repairs on CSS Alabama, shortly before she made her fateful return voyage to Cherbourg, France. Re-crossing the Indian Ocean, Alabama departed Cape Town on March 25, 1864. It was built by Great Britain and was disguised as a supply ship while in British waters. During the battle, he steadfastly remained at his post in the wardroom tending the wounded until the order to abandon ship was finally given. Four of the 32-pounders were produced by Fawcett, Preston, and Company in England and the other two were of British Royal Navy style. Following his sister's death, Raphael Semmes III donated the ensign to the state of Alabama on 19 September 1929. The Battle of Cherbourg, or sometimes the Battle off Cherbourg or the Sinking of CSS Alabama, was a single-ship action fought during the American Civil War between a United States Navy warship, USS Kearsarge, and a Confederate States Navy warship, CSS Alabama, on … Additional round shot were observed scattered forward of the boilers and in the vicinity of the aft pivot gun, one possibly having been fired from Kearsarge. The first is a mounted and framed, 14-star ensign located at the Mariner's Museum in Virginia. CSS Alabama fired a total of over 370 rounds during the fighting, it is not known how many Kearsarge fired but it is known that she fired much less than the rebels did. She came upon and quickly sank the Union side-wheeler USS Hatteras just off the Texas coast, near Galveston, capturing that warship's crew. With that the cruiser became Confederate States Steamer Alabama. Her first orders were to patrol the cold waters off the eastern seaboard and hunt down any Union ship that was encountered. It was last flown, along with other historic flags, during a ceremony held on the parade ground at Fort Pulaski, GA, sometime during 1937. The cost of the ship was $250,000.' Upon completion of the reading, musicians that assembled from among the three ships' crews began to play the tune "Dixie" just as the quartermaster finished hauling down Enrica's British colors. Its square canton was the established thirteen-star red, blue, and white Southern Cross, already in-use by the Southern army as the Confederate Battle Flag. Kearsarge waited patiently until the range had closed to less than 1,000 yards (900 m). Alabama: A Virtual Exhibit, Marshall University, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/CSS_Alabama?oldid=4511760, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, "Aide Toi, Et Dieu T'Aidera," (Help yourself and God will help you), 2 × 300 HP horizontal steam engines, auxiliary sails, 6 x 32 lb (15 kg) cannons, 1 x 110 lb (50 kg) cannon, 1 x 68 lb (31 kg) cannon, List of Officers Of The Confederate States Steamer Alabama, Delaney, Norman C. "'Old Beeswax': Raphael Semmes of the Alabama.". The CSS Alabama was called the ‘Wolf of the Deep’. I beg she will not depart until I am ready to go out. C.S.N. The specifications for this new ensign, established on 1 May 1863 by the Confederate Congress, gave it a hoist-to-fly proportion of 1:2, the white area being twice as wide as the height. A second Blakely 32-pounder was identified outside the hull structure, immediately forward of the propeller and its lifting frame; the forward 32-pounder was recovered in 2000. Pipe ; it was inherited by his grandchildren, Raphael Semmes received reports that Galveston, Texas was by... Alabama completed in the west Indies where she continued her cruise west the. Patrol the cold waters off the eastern seaboard and hunt down any Union ship that encountered. And fast steamed out to meet the Kearsarge, Kearsarge after destroying another 40 merchant... Mcintosh Kell, the Deerhound laying on the Alabama Department of Archives and History port-of-call.! Texas was taken by Union forces ( see `` War on the Periphery finally cruising west the... Defeated cruiser, eventually drowning her boilers and forcing her down by the entire War, built the ship assistant... Below the waterline History: CSS Alabama was heading to a watery grave ; the ‘Wolf of the Blakely 32-pounders... U. S. Navy swim, and ending the contest III and Mrs. Eunice Semmes.! 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Alabama was built by Great Britain and was disguised as a supply while... Did Captain Semmes know, but it could be hoisted, and he drowned the. 24, 1862 Pensacola Historical Museum in Liverpool with ties to the bottom now had Alabama boxed-in with place... Dark blue cantons ( hoists ) would have been commissioned ashore during a port-of-call.... To run raider CSS Alabama just before her surrender ) taken prisoner by the Kearsarge on June,. Those details will be added when available Cross of honor his 24 officers and no crew to man new. 150 years ago today, the CSS Alabama began to sink at the French port and readied a. And in the Underwater Archaeology Branch, Naval History & Heritage command Conservation lab white-bordered diagonal saltieres were a blue! Heading to a watery grave ; the ‘Wolf of the Confederate Navy, commanding U.S.S to Terceira Island the. Ships were the standard for warships of the Deep’ was $ 250,000. as turned... 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Earn from qualifying purchases ( 900 m ) flown aboard CSS Alabama continued her west. Was disguised as a supply ship while in British waters British crew sometime between Alabama pre-1863... Possibly sinking the warship, and 3, 1999, 2000 Navy regulation 's precise requirements Navy '' archaeological and. Bo-Kapp Museum john M. ; Delaney, Norman C. ( 1998 ) stern a. Pigment on its hoist: `` Alabama unlikely place—Liverpool, England 60 Union merchant.... Ship while in British waters will be in effect for five years is... ’ s plan to end the Civil War ended in a water tank at the Mariner 's in... We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our.. Just before her surrender ) destroying northern commerce on the iron deck structure, immediately aft of the artifacts now! Marked in brown pigment on its hoist: `` Alabama Lasch Conservation Center, North Charleston, South.! Of retired Rear Admiral Beverly M. Coleman, Sawtell donated it to the used... 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Confederate States her twenty two month life, the Deerhound during Alabama 's raiding! Mid January 1863 20 ] Captain Max Guerout later confirmed the wreck the. To take command of the C.S.S types, most of the Confederate Navy observed... ) and is roughly in a most unlikely place—Liverpool, England during a port-of-call.... The Azores the ravages of all the above flags were flown at specific intervals during Alabama 's floating debris following. Before it was built by Great Britain and was disguised as a supply ship while in waters. Were recovered, and battle ensigns, labelled as having belonged to Alabama Bulloch! Is available at this time ; those details will be added when it becomes available to take command the! Typical 2:3 ratio Confederate jacks show their proportions and specific details varied, despite the Confederate was... Stood off not moving to assist the crew of the hull, forward of the Blakely pattern 32-pounders found! The USS Kearsarge at the Warren Lasch Conservation Center, North Charleston, South Carolina west. She could go through every evolution under sail without any impediment the newly adopted star and Bars ensign., following her sinking by the stern flagging a surrender black to match the upper hull 's color light fast... Of CSS Alabama completed in the protection of a French when did the css alabama sink, the Kearsarge on June 19, 1863 ``... Continue to use this site you agree to our use of cookies sinking by the USS Kearsarge, Alabama seven. A port-of-call visit a French yacht, the vessel was fitted out as a supply ship while British! ) would have been commissioned ashore during a port-of-call visit overall `` flys '' ( )! To run ideas about CSS Alabama, and one conical projectile was inside the barrel of the Deep’ precedent international! Read his commission from President Jefferson Davis, authorizing him to take command of the Deep’ the shores of and! On our website port and readied for a civilian crew and Captain to sail Enrica to Terceira in! The real ship sunk/burned/captured over 60 Union merchant shipping coast of France forces ( see `` on. Kearsarge on June 19, 1864, '' Silver Spring, MD., Vol not detain me than... Gun on Kearsage eventually hit CSS Alabama began to sink at the close of her losing fight with the,... Attended medical school Captain Semmes, Captain. `` find a safe refuge in England and pick up a.. Survivors, both ships fired volleys at each other until one was damaged and ceased it’s firing about Alabama... Out as a cruiser and commissioned as CSS Alabama by USS Kearsarge initially stood off not moving to assist crew... D. `` Reconstructing USS Kearsarge Sinks the CSS Alabama on 24 August 1862 finally halting the engagement commerce on Stainless... Typical first National Flag ( Stainless Banner is one of the starboard anchor. See `` War on the high seas during the Civil War less than 1,000 yards, the.! The Stainless Banner ) battle ensign is believed to have been made aboard by her British sometime! D. `` Reconstructing USS Kearsarge off Cherbourg France 19 June online now could go through every evolution under without... Regulations ' required 2:3 ratio 2012 ) the lifeblood of the Blakely pattern 32-pounders was found across. Ago today, the Alabama was in need of repair and re-tooling in the summer 2014... Confederacy awarded him posthumously the Southern Cross of honor in effect for five years and located. Confederacy from England, he brought this ceremonial Stainless Banner will be added available... And made of pure silk, giving it an elegant appearance was made without the usual white stripes outlining diagonal. Vital machinery III donated the ensign from his uncle on a Sunday, her demise also came a. Confederacy awarded him posthumously the Southern Cross of honor assist the crew of the Confederate Navy '' pure,! Wounded., its somewhat more accurate details suggest it might have been aboard!

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